Science's current theory of the big bang is based on four basic theories. The first theory is Einstein's general theory of relativity. The next theory is the expansion of the universe theory in the 1920's. Hubble determined that the velocity of a galaxy was directly proportional to its distance from us: a galaxy twice as far away as another was moving twice as fast. This relation between distance and velocity is exactly what happens when the universe is expanding.
The third theory is the faint glow of the cosmic microwave background, discovered quite by accident in 1965. The final observational theory that supports our current thinking about the big bang is that the hot dense early universe was a perfect location for nuclear fusion.
The expansion of the universe has been studied by scientists at Harvard University, who found that the Milky Way, Andromeda and a host of orbiting dwarf galaxies very near to us Milky-Way dwellers will eventually collapse into a massive supercluster of stars. All the other galaxies will disappear into oblivion beyond the event horizion. The Scientific American article that brings out these studies is referenced at the end of this blog, with a brief summary of key points. I have a printout of the article, but the actual archived copy is available online using the source from the referenced footnote. The article said that this process takes about a 100 billion years..."which may seem like a long time, but it is fairly short compared to the wilderness of eternity."*
Picture this, a giant tug of war between gravity and some great force beyond us, with the force beyond us winning. Sounds like the force of a slinky almost to me. Remember dropping a slinky on stairs? Although it seems right and appropriate for a slinky to stack in the condensed position, taking up very little space in a tiny box, there is immense power or potential energy packed in that thin wire. Conversely, when the slinky is dropped on stairs, just the opposite happens. The slinky expands and stretches almost beyond what you could have imagined, at least to a child. The farther down the flight of stairs it travels, the faster the slinky goes.
This appears unexplainable and contradictory to your theory of slinkies that you developed from looking at it in the box. Gravity holds it in, as you can see, but something else is pulling it apart, some different force. The "other force" of the apparant expansion of the universe is credited to some cosmic antigravity and is thought to be a new form of "dark energy" associated with empty space.
The acceleration of the universe implies that empty space contains almost three times as much energy as all the cosmic structures we observe today: galaxies, clusters, and superclusters of galaxies. Ironically, Albert Einstein first postulated such a form of dark energy to keep the universe static. He called it the cosmological constant.
But, while the disappearance of distant galaxies is gradual, a decade ago astronomers made the revolutionary discovery that the expansion of the universe is speeding up. This quickening expansion will eventually pull galaxies apart faster than light, causing them to drop out of view. This process eliminates reference points for measuring expansion and dilutes the evidence of the big bang, if any, to nothingness. In short, it erases any signs that a big bang may have ever occurred. As a result, Hubble's crucial discovery of the expanding universe will become irreproducible. All the expanding matter in the universe will have visually disappeared beyond the horizon.
What will astronomers of the far future, living in this supergalaxy, conclude about the history of the universe, when all evidence of the Big Bang theory has collapsed? The visible universe will closely resemble the island universe we believed in back in 1908: a collection of stars, unmoving and eternal, surrounded by empty space.
When peering into dark skies a hundred billion years from now, stargazers would pretty much see what we see with the naked eye... stars and stars. But, if they build telescopes capable of detecting galaxies outside our own, they wouldn't see any. The nearby galaxies will have merged with the Milky Way to form one large galaxy, and most all the other galaxies will be gone, having collapsed into eternity.
Has the universe already erased some of its knowledge? Are we capable of knowing what has happened in the cosmos with our human mind, short of accepting the written Biblical histories passed down from the generations before us? Perhaps they won't believe our written histories, any more than many of us believe the ones handed down to us. Job 26:14 Lo, these are parts of his ways: but how little a portion
is heard of him? but the thunder of his power who can understand?
While scientists admit the changing view from our rearview mirror, they cling to the fallacy of the eternal reaches of their own theories, even to the point of trying to force their current theories into the view from the windshield before us. So, we've decided that future views of the universe will be wrong. Where does that leave us?